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STOP BLEEDING

BLOOD LOSS

CAN KILL WITHIN 5 MINUTES, SO EVERY

SECOND COUNTS BEFORE HELP ARRIVES

TYPES OF BLEEDING

Non-Emergency

Slow trickle.

Potential-Emergency

Steady flow - dark red.

Emergency

Squirting - bright red.

TOURNIQUET

Accidents and deliberate acts, natural or man-made, occur with little warning when you often least expect them. In such moments, as you await the professional response, YOU are the difference between life and death. 

A tourniquet can safely and effectively limit the amount of blood-loss from an injury to a limb, thus saving life. Often perceived as a device that isn't recommended, professional tourniquets, properly applied, are now well evidenced and have saved countless lives in those vital moments between injury and hospital. 

Strap

Buckle

Windlass Rod

Rod Retainer

APPLICATION

Place pre-looped tourniquet high on affected limb, over clothing.

Tighten strap through buckle as tight as possible.

You can also unbuckle, route the strap around limb and re-buckle. 

Rotate windlass rod until bleeding stops. 

Tourniquet application hurts, this should not prevent application.

Check bleeding control regularly and after any movement of the casualty. 

Check for further injury.

Secure rod in retaining triangle.

NON-TOURNIQUET

Tourniquets are only applied to injured limbs with massive blood-loss. Sometimes, they are not available, or, the injury is elsewhere on the body. 

EXTERNAL PRESSURE - Applying direct pressure, using your hands, to the wound can limit blood-loss. 

INTERNAL PRESSURE - In areas such as groin, armpit, shoulders etc. hand pressure should be applied first, in these areas and the limbs wound-packing should also be considered. 

WOUND-PACKING - pushing gauze (normal or specifically designed for the control of bleeding) or other material such as a scarf or t-shirt etc. into the wound applies pressure to the point of bleeding. This hurts but the pain should not prevent performing this life-saving action. 

SEAL - For the chest, sides, tummy and back it's best to seal the wound with an adhesive dressing or improvised covering. 

WOUND PACKING

Expose wound site & check for foreign objects.

Apply pressure to wound and packing material for

3-5 mins.

Feed packing material into wound, deeply and fully.

Bandage wound site to maintain pressure and re-clothe to prevent hypothermia.

Wound packing hurts, this should not prevent application.

Check bleeding control regularly and after any movement of the casualty. 

Check for further injury.

KEEP BREATHING

ONCE BLEEDING IS 

CONTROLLED, PLACE ANYBODY WHO IS UNCONCIOUS / UNRESPONSIVE ONTO THEIR SIDE.

KEEP BREATHING Coming soon...

Disclaimer: All material provided as information only. This information is evidence and experience based, but local guidance may differ. Please seek appropriate training from qualified sources.

We follow the Committee for Tactical Emergency Casualty Care

Guidelines as advisory board members.

Please visit www.c-tecc.org.

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